Haggai 2:10-23

Haggai 2:10-23

Haggai’s Message to the People’s Mind: Sin and Holiness and Repentance


A little more than two months after his second sermon Haggai delivered a third message to the people of Judah.


The theme of this message is that although sin/rebellion against the Lord produces spiritual ruin, blessing (family inclusion) attends those who obey the Lord and repent. The sermon is didactic (instructive) in nature, intended to communicate to Haggai’s audience an important lesson about religious purity.


Haggai’s message is also foreboding, in that it warns the people of their impure condition and the resultant unacceptability of their work. The point of the message hinges on a priestly ruling concerning consequences of contact with ceremonially pure or impure items.


Perhaps more concisely than anywhere else in the Hebrew Bible this sermon makes the point that impurity is more pervasive and more easily contracted than is purity.1


Haggai urged the people to inquire of the priests regarding a matter of ritual holiness. The priests would clarify whether, and if so under what conditions, it was possible to convey purity or impurity from one person or thing to another.


This investigation posed two questions to the priestly community. First, was it possible for a holy object to transfer its holiness from the garment in which it was wrapped to something else with which it came into contact?


The answer that the priests returned to this question was negative; holiness cannot be transferred in this way. (the reason is that holiness is only given through the atoning work of Jesus)


Second, was it possible for a holy object to be rendered impure as a result of the garment in which it was wrapped coming into contact with an impure person or object?


The answer the priests returned was positive; impurity can be transferred in this way.


Haggai then draws the conclusion that due to their impure spiritual condition the work of the people is unacceptable to the Lord.


Nothing they do will be acceptable until first their sinful condition is resolved by repentance and forgiveness.


As confirmation of this fact, Haggai again calls attention to the economic devastation that was evident throughout the land. Conditions of agricultural failure and economic depression were to be seen on every hand—no one could deny that. Haggai explains that these conditions were due to disciplinary, and Fatherly judgment for failure to obey the Lord.


Only when the people had properly addressed their spiritual condition would the Lord again extend his blessing (display of family inclusion). The sermon concludes with an optimistic promise of the Lord’s renewed blessing on his people.[1]





1. Indifference is rebellion (Haggai)


It is apparent, that he people have sinned, so the nature of Haggai’s talk is that of addressing the corrupting nature of their sin. But their sin is less overt and more covert in attitude.


We must guard against overt Rebellion.


We must also guard against indifference (build the temple, don’t compare the appearance of the Kingdom to the appearance of other kingdoms).


A. Eph. 4:25-32 Sin/Rebellion Expose the people of God to Satanic Influence

B. Eph. 4:25-32 Sin/Rebellion Grieves the Holy Spirit and he is displeased with us (although our

legal standing remains unchanged; Hebrews 12 and Fatherly displeasure become a reality)


Westminster Confession:

“Although they never can fall from the state of justification, yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored to them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.” (CH. 11, Sec. 5).

C. 1 Peter 2:11 Sin/Rebellion Wage ware against our own soul

D. 1 Thess. 5:19 Sin/Rebellion Quench the Spirit

E. John 15:4; Haggai 2:14-19a Sin/Rebellion Render us fruitless


2. Rebellion spreads easier than holiness (2:10-13)

A. 1 Cor. 5:1-8 Sin/Rebellion Can Influence the Whole People

1. S/R is never localized to the individual

a. We are in community with Father, Son, Spirit and by Spirit, related to, family

of and affect everyone else. S/R is a community issue.

2. Repent of indifference by engaging

a. Get involved in work being done already

b. Be present

c. Pray for your elders and ministry and deacons


3. Repentance puts blessing on display (2:19b-23)

A. Blessing is family inclusion Genesis 12:1-3

1. Father will display that we are his people by supplying fruit for service 2:19b

2. Father will display that we are his people by moving kings and nations to advance his

people 2:20-23

1 So, e.g., R. K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1969), 947.

[1] Richard A. Taylor and E. Ray Clendenen, vol. 21A, Haggai, Malachi, electronic ed., Logos Library System; The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2007), 169-70.

Faith Prays

Luke 18:1-8

Faith Prays

Luke 18:1-8 is the conclusion to Jesus’ response to the Pharisees who asked him “when” the Kingdom of God would come in chapter 17:20.

Jesus teaches them that the Kingdom is already among them. It’s in their midst. The Kingdom is already here. Where the rule of Jesus is, the Kingdom has invaded!

Then, in 17:22, Jesus begins to address his disciples (those following him in discipline) and tells them they are going to long to see the days of the “Son of Man” (Jesus’ favorite title for himself from Daniel 7).

Then Jesus reminds them of Noah and Lot and tells them it will be like that. It will be hard on the one’s not loving his appearing. Jesus is going to draw a line clearly down the middle and make clear who are his and who are not his, and Jesus reminds them that it will be very visible!

Then Jesus launches into the parable to remind the people to pray and never give up praying.

Luke 18:1-8

1. Always pray and don’t get discouraged in praying v. 1

There are two verbs: pray and lose heart (be discouraged)

“lose heart” modifies, as a verbal noun, the main verb “pray”.

In other words, one is to pray never discouraged.

A. Prayer may be a long-term proposition (see Joseph, see Abraham, see David)

B. Prayer must be built on the work of God’s Kingdom not “padding out dens”

The parable is essentially an encouragement to continue in prayer without losing heart right through the difficult times of waiting before the Son of Man comes.[1] (see 17:20-37).

2. The Triune God vs. The judge, the unjust v. 2-7

The parable Jesus tells contrasts the Lord with an unjust judge. Luke records Jesus giving the definite article (the) to the noun (judge) and the adjective (unjust) emphasizing the fact that this judge is not just a bad guy, but he is a super bad guy.

Probably the woman was bringing a financial case to the judge and he refused to listen because he was waiting for a bribe; she was too poor to pay, and persistence was her only weapon.

If even a judge who does not honor the laws of God and man can be induced to act by the incessant appeals of a widow, how much more will God act to uphold his people when they cry to him.[2]

A. Father will answer the right requests of his people

B. Father will answer the right requests of his people for sure

1. Think of speedily not in terms of time but in terms of surety

a. The reason is that the Kingdom does not wear a time stamp.

Father works not on time but on mission.

1. “In the fullness of time”

a. Father answers when the timing is right in doing

the mission not when the clock ticks to what we

think urgent.

C. We pray and we are NOT discouraged in our praying

3. Faith prays v. 8

The really vital question is not whether God will respond to prayer, but whether there will be faithful people who have persisted in prayer and not lost hope when the Son of Man comes.[3]

To quote Piper, prayer is a wartime walkie-talkie not a domestic intercom.[4] Prayer is a tool of the Lord given to get Gospel, Kingdom work done. Prayer is a tool to go to war with not to be tinkered with on vacation for entertainment.

Two ways to go to war:

1. Pray for our team

2. Pray for the overturn of Roe v. Wade  (39th anniversary of R v. W)

Abortion is a direct rebellion against the command of God to fill the earth. It’s another way man continues the rebellion begun by the evil one and propagated by our parents.

[1] D. A. Carson, New Bible Commentary : 21st Century Edition, 4th ed. (Leicester, England; Downers Grove, Ill., USA: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), Lk 18:1–8.

[2] D. A. Carson, New Bible Commentary : 21st Century Edition, 4th ed. (Leicester, England; Downers Grove, Ill., USA: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), Lk 18:1–8.

[3] D. A. Carson, New Bible Commentary : 21st Century Edition, 4th ed. (Leicester, England; Downers Grove, Ill., USA: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), Lk 18:1–8.

[4] John Piper, sermon on prayer

Haggai 2:1-9: Be strong and work

Haggai 2:1-9

Haggai’s message to the people’s collective heart: Be strong and work!


1. The Kingdom Does Not Suffer From Comparison 2:1-3

Ezra 3:12-13

But many of the priests and Levites and heads of fathers’ houses, old men who had seen the first house, wept with a loud voice when they saw the foundation of this house being laid, though many shouted aloud for joy, so that the people could not distinguish the sound of the joyful shout from the sound of the people’s weeping, for the people shouted with a great shout, and the sound was heard far away. (Ezra 3:12-13 ESV)


Some who had seen the previous temple were devastated at the perceived “glory” in the stature of this new temple.


It suffered from comparison with the old temple, and those who saw it wept out loud at what they saw.


Interesting enough, those who did not know shouted for joy.


This contrast in response to the Lord’s work shows that man’s perception of who something should look is just that, man’s perception and does not affect the Kingdom of God.


The Lord’s words to the people:

A. Who saw the temple in its former glory?

1. How do you see it now?

2. Is it not as nothing in your eyes?


The Lord does not operate as his fallen creatures do.


Matthew 13:31-33

He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field. It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.


He told them another parable. “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened.” (Matthew 13:31-33 ESV)


A. Mustard Seed

1. Small yet full of life and service


B. Leaven (yeast)

1. Unseen, microscopic yet invasive and transformative


C. The Lord delights in mighty acts done through means perceived small by fallen people


I would go so far as to say that the Lord intentionally chooses to get large work done through means that give him the most glory. Gideon and his 300 men.


D. TRCC is ripe to be an instrument of the Lord.

1. What are you doing with your life that is mustard seed and yeast like?

2. How are you engaging in ministry that is transformative?

3. Are you tempted to think it inferior for any reason because of perceptions of “how

it should be”.


2. Be Strong 2:4-5

A. Set your mind / emotions confidently in the Lord’s purposes, and trust him

This instruction shows that God’s people should not allow themselves to be prevented from obeying God by fear (1 Jn. 4:4, 18).[1]

1. Don’t fear threats or supposed failure

2. Don’t be dejected when we do fail or circumstances threaten (the Lord never fails)

a. The Lord uses suffering and failure to grow us (Job 1 – James 5:11; Cross)

3. Don’t be frustrated beyond functionality

a. Don’t throw up your hands and walk away

4. Don’t question the Lord’s purposes to do good to his people and save the lost

a. Don’t believe the lies of Satan to cause our fellowship with the Lord in

hardship to be strained


3. Work 2:4-5

A. Set your hands to the building of the Kingdom



4. The Lord is With Us and Will Accomplish His Mission 2:6-9


[1] D. A. Carson, New Bible Commentary : 21st Century Edition, 4th ed. (Leicester, England; Downers Grove, Ill., USA: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), Hag 2:1–5.

Haggai 1:1-15 Consider your Ways

Haggai 1:1-15

Consider Your Ways


“New Year’s resolutions are for people who weren’t awesome last year. #rerun” – Jarred Wilson


So, I’ll preach no goofy sermon about resolutions. Just continue to be who / what you are in the Lord. If you are not serving/giving, shame on you. If you are new, then jump on into a “New Members Class” and learn what being a member or TRCC is about and see if you want to do this thing.


When the first wave of Jewish exiles returned to from Babylon to Jerusalem in 538, they began to rebuild the temple but soon gave up. Inspired by the ministries of Haggai and Zechariah, they finally completed the task in 516. Haggai rebuked the people for living in “paneled houses” while the house of God remained in ruins. He warned that, despite their best efforts, their wealth would never suffice, because the Lord was not pleased with their neglect of his temple (see Leviticus 26:2-20). He called them to repent and renew their covenant with the Lord. Haggai assured them that God would achieve his purposes for his people and for all other nations. The rebuilding of the temple symbolized God’s restored presence among his people.


In all this message of Haggai the Lord is going to speak three messages we are going to highlight: 1. to their actions (hands) 2. to their heart (desire) 3. to their head (thinking on the Lord’s truths)


One issue that must be addressed before launching into Haggai is the misuse of Haggai to justify building buildings to the exclusion of doing the work of the Lord.


The question is: what is the temple and why is it’s rebuilding necessary?


The Temple: God’s Glory for All Nations to See

The temple is God’s way of signaling that people from every nation could encounter and worship Him personally.


Deuteronomy 12:1-14

[12:1] “These are the statutes and rules that you shall be careful to do in the land that the LORD, the God of your fathers, has given you to possess, all the days that you live on the earth.

[2] You shall surely destroy all the places where the nations whom you shall dispossess served their gods, on the high mountains and on the hills and under every green tree. [3] You shall tear down their altars and dash in pieces their pillars and burn their Asherim with fire. You shall chop down the carved images of their gods and destroy their name out of that place. [4] You shall not worship the LORD your God in that way. [5] But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there. There you shall go, [6] and there you shall bring your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and the contribution that you present, your vow offerings, your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herd and of your flock. [7] And there you shall eat before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your households, in all that you undertake, in which the LORD your God has blessed you.

[8] “You shall not do according to all that we are doing here today, everyone doing whatever is right in his own eyes, [9] for you have not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance that the LORD your God is giving you. [10] But when you go over the Jordan and live in the land that the LORD your God is giving you to inherit, and when he gives you rest from all your enemies around, so that you live in safety, [11] then to the place that the LORD your God will choose, to make his name dwell there, there you shall bring all that I command you: your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and the contribution that you present, and all your finest vow offerings that you vow to the LORD. [12] And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your male servants and your female servants, and the Levite that is within your towns, since he has no portion or inheritance with you. [13] Take care that you do not offer your burnt offerings at any place that you see, [14] but at the place that the LORD will choose in one of your tribes, there you shall offer your burnt offerings, and there you shall do all that I am commanding you.


God desired to establish his name at the temple for his dwelling


How does this play out?


1. God revealed himself by his name

It would be a place of revealing himself to his worshipers.


2. The temple was a place of encounter (Exodus 25:8)

[8] And let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell in their midst.


3. Solomon’s dedication of the temple made clear this was a place that “all peoples” of the earth can know God’s name / fame / glory (1 Kings 8:41-43)

[41] “Likewise, when a foreigner, who is not of your people Israel, comes from a far country for your name’s sake [42] (for they shall hear of your great name and your mighty hand, and of your outstretched arm), when he comes and prays toward this house, [43] hear in heaven your dwelling place and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to you, in order that all the peoples of the earth may know your name and fear you, as do your people Israel, and that they may know that this house that I have built is called by your name.


4. The nations come, particularly, the Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 9:25)

[25] Three times a year Solomon used to offer up burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar that he built to the LORD, making offerings with it before the LORD. So he finished the house.


There are two ways to travel from Europe / Asia to Africa. Two roads (King’s Highway, International Coastal Highway). All nations had to pass through Jerusalem to get from these continents.


God was moving the good news from Jerusalem to the nations. He began there and is still sending the good news through the nations from wherever his people are obeying the Great Commission.


How do we apply the message of the Lord to us today Rome, Georgia, for Three Rivers Community Church?


1. Build Jesus’ Kingdom not our personal kingdoms 1:1-11

“You looked for much, and behold, it came to little. And when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why? Declares the Lord of hosts. Because of my house that lies in ruins, while each of you busies himself with his own house.” Haggai 1:9


A. Take care in what you are constructing, “consider your ways”.

“You have sown much, and harvested little. You eat, but you never have enough; you drink, but you never have your fill. You clothe yourselves, but no on is warm. And he who earns wages does so to put them into a bag with holes.” – Haggai 1:6


1. Are you building your portfolio with all of Jesus’ resources?

2. Are you using most of Jesus’ resources for amenities rather than necessities?

(Have your amenities become necessity because of abuse of Jesus’ resources?)

3. Do you find yourself manipulating money / resources to get more “stuff”?

4. Do you find that the more you have the less it seems to cover?

5. Is the Lord blowing away what you are gathering to get your attention?

6. Do you make NO time for the people of God and seem to never have enough time



B. Is the Lord impeding your progress? Consider your ways.

“Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce. And I have called for a drought on the land and the hills, on the grain, the new wine, the oil, on what the ground brings forth, on man and beast, and on all their labors.” – Haggai 1:10-11


1. What are you pushing for and seem to get nowhere?

a. Isaiah 46:10-11 The Lord’s purposes are fixed and can’t be

shoved aside for your good ideas.

2. What necessities are you continually trying to amass and can’t get enough to

meet the need?


C. Build the Kingdom! Remember, the temple showed the glory of God for the nations to see.

Building the Kingdom, the Church, shows the glory of God to the people around us!

1. Gather with the people of God

2. Grow in the faith

3. Pursue the issues that are priority for the Lord (do you know those?)

4. Give

5. Study Scripture

6. Get in the global work of the Gospel here with TRCC

7. Get in the local ministry of TRCC (Young Moms, Radical Kids, Buddy Break,

Foster/Adopt, Connect Groups [where gifts are discovered and refined, ministry

takes place])


2. Consequences for obedience 1:12-15

A. The people feared the Lord (this is the beginning of wisdom) v. 12

B. Know that he Lord is with his people (as a collective body) v. v. 13

C. The Lord stirs up the spirits of his people to work on his works v. 14

1. Remember, this is a lifelong war of taming the “flesh”

2. Don’t get discouraged when you fail

3. Keep seeking the Lord and his kingdom (by doing the things above)

5. Don’t ever turn back or even look back